Orthopedics is a specialty of medical science focusing on the diagnosis, correction,prevention, and treatment of musculoskeletal system problems, including deformities and disorders of the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves, and skin.
The musculoskeletal system of the body consists of a complex set of bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves allowing individuals to move, work, and function.
Originally, this branch of medicine was dedicated to caring for children with spinal and limb disorders. Nevertheless, all patients of any age may take the advantage of orthopedic services today. These patients range from infants with clubfoot to young athletes in need of orthopedic surgery or the elderly with arthritis..
. Physicians specialized in orthopedics are called orthopedic specialists and surgeons..
Orthopedic specialists are generally skilled in the following areas:
Exciting research on cellular field may enable physicians to stimulate the growth of ligaments and bones in patients in the future.
Extraordinary progresses have been made in the surgical management of degenerative joint disease. For instance, orthopedic surgeons are able to replace a damaged joint with prosthesis. This process is called complete joint replacement. Research on how cartilage grows in the joints is progressed. In case of achieving this knowledge, fewer people will need a complete joint replacement.